The term research philosophy refers to a system of beliefs and assumptions about the development of knowledge. In layman’s terms, a research philosophy is the choice a researcher makes on how to pursue his research, consciously or subconsciously. Scholars have identified five of the most prominent research philosophies in academia, however, choosing one is a matter of debate. (main source: Saunders, Mark & Lewis, P & Thornhill, A. (2009). Understanding research philosophies and approaches. Research Methods for Business Students. 4. 106-135.)
PositivismShow moreShow less
Positivism focuses on the observable reality and aims to produce law-like generalisations.
Similar to Critical Realists, Positivists are as objective as possible when approaching their research subject. The difference is that the Positivists focus on on what is in front of their eyes, i.e. they take what the sources tell them at face value, without going into in-depth on each individual case.