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What is theodicy? Show more Show less

Theodicy is the name given to reconciling the existence of God as a divine, benevolent, omnipotent being with the existence of evil. The existence of evil appears to contradict the existence of God. If an all-powerful, all-good being existed, then why would they permit evil in the world? The existence of evil must confirm that God is either not omnipotent, not benevolent, or non-existent. Theodicy attempts to answer the basic question of why God permits evil.

Theodicy supports the existence of the devil Show more Show less

The only plausible explanation for the existence of both God and evil is the existence of another potent spiritual force that creates or encourages evil.
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Evil and good are two opposing principles

God is all-good. Therefore, God would not create evil. The existence of evil points towards the existence of another divine being with the power to create and promote evil on earth.

(1 of 1 Argument)

Context

God is omnipotent, benevolent and omniscient. God would not create evil. Evil must be the result of another potent spiritual force. Therefore, the devil must exist.

The Argument

If God is exclusively good, then evil must be the result of another force. This force must be potent and opposed to God’s own wishes.

Counter arguments

Any argument that assumes the devil is responsible for evil acts is incompatible with the idea of a benevolent and omnipotent God. If God is omnipotent, then God created the devil. If God created the devil, with its capacity for evil, then God is not all good. If God did not create the devil, and cannot prevent the devil’s wickedness, then God is not omnipotent. [1]

Framing

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Premises

[P1] God is all good. [P2] God would not create evil. [P3] Evil exists. [P4] Therefore, there must be another potent force that created evil. [P5] Therefore, the devil must exist.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P4+P5] If God is omnipotent then he created the devil with the capacity for evil. A benevolent God would not create something with the capacity for such evil. Therefore, God is not benevolent, or God does not exist.

Proponents

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Further Reading

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References

  1. http://www.sofiatopia.org/equiaeon/theodicy.htm
This page was last edited on Thursday, 13 Feb 2020 at 11:59 UTC