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Will artificial intelligence lead to the end of humankind? Show more Show less

The term artificial intelligence (AI) was coined back in 1956. While science fiction often portrays AI as robots with human-like characteristics, AI can encompass anything from Google’s search algorithms to IBM’s Watson to autonomous weapons, and it's progressing rapidly. AI today is properly known as narrow AI (or weak AI), as it is designed to perform a narrow task (e.g. facial recognition or driving a car). However, the long-term goal of many researchers is to create general AI (AGI or strong AI). While narrow AI may outperform humans specific tasks, AGI would outperform humans at nearly every cognitive task.

No, artificial intelligence will not end humankind Show more Show less

AI will never have the intelligence and consciousness of a human.
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AI lacks consciousness

The Chinese Room argument is a famous thought experiment by US philosopher John Searle that shows how a computer program can appear to understand Chinese stories (by responding to questions about them appropriately) without genuinely understanding any interaction.
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Context

The Argument

John Searle claimed that mental processes cannot possibly consist of the execution of computer programs of any sort, since it is always possible for a person to follow the instructions of the program without undergoing the target mental process. He offered the thought experiment of a man who is isolated in a room in which he produces Chinese sentences as “output” in response to Chinese sentences he receives as “input” by following the rules of a program for engaging in a Chinese conversation—e.g., by using a simple conversation manual. Searle’s experiment proved that artificial intelligence is just that - artificial. It lacks the emotions, consciousness, and social awareness that humans possess.[1] While AI can detect images, scenarios, etc, it cannot be fully aware because it lacks consciousness and awareness of a timeline. AI is programmed to complete a specific task in which they follow certain steps that they were programmed with, but every task comes with different avenues on how to accomplish it. AI is designed to be efficient and to get a task done, not to be conscious of outside factors that could affect the process of completing a task. AI lacks a worldly experience and awareness that ultimately makes them inferior to humans.

Counter arguments

An ASI could easily build a hive mind — changing the nature of what it means to be human, and conscious. A hive mind is a centralized, systematized consciousness for the entire planet. You would have access to everyone’s thoughts, scientific discoveries, feelings, understanding, charisma. If the hive mind was connected to the internet, you would have immediate access to all of the world’s information.

Framing

Premises

[P1] AI cannot be programmed to have worldly views and experiences like humans, which can affect decision making and execution style.

Rejecting the premises

Proponents

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Further Reading

References

  1. https://ai100.stanford.edu/sites/g/files/sbiybj9861/f/ai_100_report_0831fnl.pdf

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This page was last edited on Tuesday, 24 Mar 2020 at 11:37 UTC