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Should surrogacy be legal? Show more Show less

Surrogacy is the carrying through pregnancy until birth of one couple's child by another woman. The science has advanced significantly in this area allowing for the choice of surrogacy as an option for many potential parents. Most countries have unclear legislation about surrogacy and the debate is on. Should surrogacy be legalized? Under what conditions should surrogacy be legal?

Yes. Surrogacy should be legal. Show more Show less

Everybody should have access to parenthood and women can decide what they do with they bodies.
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Surrogacy is a practical solution

If we do not legalise surrogacy, people will do it in poorer countries where women are exploited.

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Context

Currently, a large amount of surrogacy happens overseas in developing nations due to restrictive surrogacy laws in Western countries. For instance, more than 25,000 children are now born to surrogate mothers in India each year.[1] These women are often kept in undesirable conditions while pregnant.

The Argument

By introducing restrictive laws on surrogates, prospective couples or individuals looking to have children through surrogacy are driven to find surrogates overseas. This boosts the surrogacy economy in countries like India, which boast large amounts of surrogate births for Westerners with questionable conditions for surrogates themselves. By legalising surrogacy, we are able to ensure surrogates are given rights and are not working under exploitative circumstances.

Counter arguments

Legalising surrogacy in Western countries would not stop the exploitative conditions of surrogate mothers overseas. Surrogate services in developing countries would remain cheaper than in Western countries and people would still use them. Additionally, legalising surrogacy would then move the exploitation closer to home, opening up opportunities for women in Western countries to also be exploited as those in developing countries are.

Premises

[P1] Surrogacy's status as illegal means that those desiring surrogates are increasingly driven to using surrogates in developing countries. [P2] Legalising surrogacy would lower rates of surrogacy in developing countries (with potentially exploitative environments) and into an arena in which circumstances can be monitored.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P2] Legalising surrogacy would still mean women are being exploited - it would just be women domestically who are exploited.

References

  1. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/jun/05/india-surrogates-impoverished-die

Proponents

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This page was last edited on Thursday, 16 Jan 2020 at 09:44 UTC