Surrogacy is Immoral
Commodification of human life is immoral. No country allows the sale of human beings.
Ever since the commercial surrogacy industry kicked off in the late 1970s, it has been awash with scandals, exploitation and abuse. From the infamous “Baby M” case – in which the mother changed her mind and was forced, in tears, to hand over her baby – to the Japanese billionaire who ordered 16 children from different Thai clinics.
Surrogacy is a form of prostitution. Most women are forced into surrogacy by coercion or economic need. Surrogacy is by definition degrading to women. It reduces them to merchandise to be bought and sold. Legalising it would reinforce their oppression by male-dominated societies and present a clear affront to the concept of gender equality. Surrogacy is Alienated Labor in terms of Hegel's philosophy. Surrogate mothers are inevitably emotionally attached to the 'product' of their work, and it is exploitative and cruel to then take the baby away.
Surrogacy is just another job. Per Hegel, a lot of labour causes the alienation of the worker - this does not necessarily mean these industries should be outlawed. There is no inherent reason, beyond moralistic ones, that women should not be able to sell use of their body for pregnancy. Legal parameters can be introduced to reduce the level of exploitation found in the surrogacy markets, such as ensuring prospective surrogates are financially stable and only allowing surrogates who have previously had children so that they are aware of the gravity of the process.
[P1] Women are forced into surrogacy by circumstance, making it an exploitative process.
[Rejecting P1] There is no inherent reason surrogacy is exploitative.
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