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Do theodicies explain why God allows evil in the world? Show more Show less

A theodicy is a story that attempts to demonstrate that the presence of evil in the world does not disprove the existence of a perfectly good, almighty, and all-knowing God. Theodicies and defences are two forms of response to this conundrum. Evil can be classified into natural evil such as disease and physical catastrophes or moral evil, which can be summed up as "man's inhumanity to man."

Yes, evil occurs as the absence of good and God is testing us. Show more Show less

Evil is simply the absence of good that exists so that God can test us.
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Choosing evil leads to divine retribution

Failure to achieve moral perfection by choosing evil is punished in the afterlife.
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Context

The Argument

The struggles against evil during a person's life are an opportunity to reject evil and reach moral perfection. Those that choose evil are punished in the afterlife.

Counter arguments

Framing

Premises

[P1] An all-powerful, all-knowing, all-good God would eliminate evil. [P2] God has eliminated evils in the afterlife. [P3] Therefore, an all-powerful, all-good, all-knowing God exists.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P2] We have no way of knowing whether evil existsing the afterlife. [Rejecting P3] An all-powerful, all-knowing, and all-good God would also eliminate evil in the mortal world.

Proponents

Further Reading

References

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    This page was last edited on Friday, 17 Apr 2020 at 11:54 UTC