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What are the theories of emotion? Show more Show less

Emotions are a central part of the experience of being human. People's feelings and moods affect their behavior, choices, and perspectives in myriad ways. The physical and psychological mechanisms behind emotions are correspondingly complex, and many different theories of emotion have been proposed to explain them. What are these theories, and are they supported by biology, psychology, physiology, or even common sense?

Facial Feedback Hypothesis Show more Show less

The facial feedback hypothesis proposes a direct relationship between facial expressions and emotions.
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Facial expressions can influence emotions

Not only are facial expressions one of the major indicators of a person's emotional state, they can also directly affect emotions.
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The Argument

Research into the relationship between facial expressions and emotions has shown that controlling or preventing facial expressions dampens the experience of the associated emotions, even when other factors are the same. These findings have provided support to the facial feedback hypothesis, which was first articulated by Charles Darwin during his studies of human and animal emotions. Darwin wrote about the effect of facial expressions to either intensify or soften emotions during emotional experiences. Later, psychologist William James argued that facial expressions were a primary and independent physiological driver of emotions. The significance of facial feedback to emotions has been emphasized by studies of people with autism spectrum disorders, where difficulties in perceiving the emotions of others have been associated with difficulties in identifying facial expressions.

Counter arguments



Rejecting the premises


Further Reading


    This page was last edited on Friday, 21 Feb 2020 at 21:34 UTC