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What is the future of NATO? Show more Show less

The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was formed in 1949 as a Western military alliance to deal with the growing threat of the Soviet Union. However, since the break-up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, it has struggled to define itself in the 21st century. This has led some to speculate whether the military alliance has a future?

NATO will be dismantled Show more Show less

NATO no long serves a purpose.
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NATO belongs in the Cold War era.

NATO was set up over seventy years ago to deal with a threat that no longer exists today.
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Context

The Argument

The world is no longer divided between two isolated spheres of influence. Instead, it is increasingly inter-connected with states reliant on each other for economic growth and investment. In a globalised world, where diplomacy and trade is prioritised over conflict, NATO no longer serves a purpose. Conventional security threats have been replaced by complex global threats which impacts nation states equally. From climate change to international terrorism, these threats require multinational solutions and cooperation that go well beyond an archaic military alliance.

Counter arguments

Russia's recent aggressive and adventurous foreign policy, which includes the annexation of Crimea, military intervention in Syria, and the financing and arming of rebels in Ukraine, is a reminder that the conventional threat NATO was set up to deal with, namely to tackle Russian military expansionism, remains relevant. Despite the Soviet Union ending nineteen years ago, Russia under Vladimir Putin continues to pursue an anti-Western foreign policy. The authoritarian nature of his presidency paired with its increasingly aggressive behaviour to neighbouring states has led many members of NATO to reconsider its importance, particularly in Eastern Europe. This has led to an increase in NATO deployments and defence spending amongst NATO members.

Framing

Premises

[P1] NATO is no longer relevant in a globalised world.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P1] There are still significant foreign policy threats that make NATO still valuable.

Proponents

Further Reading

References

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    This page was last edited on Thursday, 16 Apr 2020 at 18:23 UTC