Mapping the world's opinions

argument top image

Are there more than two genders? Show more Show less

Whether binary or a spectrum, innate or a construct, or soon to be irrelevant, gender is one of the most divisive questions on the world's lips. Are there more than two genders? What are the sides to the gender debate?

No, there are only two genders Show more Show less

While it can be socially influenced, gender has been shown to be biologically compelled. Even when raised the opposite sex, an individual will still find the urge to behave in line with their born gender. Transition surgeries and therapies are meant to bridge gender incongruity, but result in higher suicidality.
< Previous (2 of 4 Positions) Next >

True reassignment is impossible

Transition surgeries and hormone therapies have not offered relief to most patients. In fact, studies have found that the risk of suicide and suicidal behavior is greatly increased post-surgery. Little is done to assess the efficacy of long-term gender-affirmative counseling.
< Previous (3 of 4 Arguments) Next >

Context

The Argument

Gender reassignment surgery and hormone therapies are modeled after those from the failed social experiment of John Money. Money tested the hypothesis that gender is socially generated and that any boy could be raised a girl. David/Brenda Reimer, the transitioned child in question, overcame the social engineering as he aged and later learned of the abuse he was subjected to. These hypotheses and philosophies still inform gender studies advocates and intellectuals of today, with similar procedures and treatments offered to transgender people with the false promise that it will solve all of their problems. Simply put, a true, fundamental sex change is impossible; the procedures alleviate the feeling of dysphoria, but frequently fail to provide those who undergo transition any psychological relief. A 30 year study of suicidality post-procedure conducted in Sweden found that “Persons with transsexualism, after sex reassignment, have considerably higher risks for mortality, suicidal behaviour, and psychiatric morbidity than the general population. Our findings suggest that sex reassignment, although alleviating gender dysphoria, may not suffice as treatment for transsexualism, and should inspire improved psychiatric and somatic care." Studies and treatment should be reoriented to focus on the psychiatric issues at play rather than resorting to surgical measures. This contrasts with the message of those in support of such procedures as a form of treatment. In fact, a series of studies conducted by the Birmingham University Aggressive Research Intelligence Facility found, ”...most research was poorly designed, which skewed the results in favor of physically changing sex. There was no evaluation of whether other treatments, such as long-term counseling, might help transsexuals, or whether their gender confusion might lessen over time.”

Counter arguments

To suggest that the transgender community suffers from a mental disorder dehumanizes them. They deserve respect. Homosexuality was listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders until 1973. There is precedent for gender dysphoria to be removed from the DSM as well.

Framing

Premises

[P1] Gender dysphoria has been clinically documented as a mental condition. [P2] Numerous studies have found that surgery and hormone therapy increase suicidal behavior. [P3] Psychological evaluation and therapy are a better solution to the issues.

Rejecting the premises

[Rejecting P1] It is dehumanizing that gender dysphoria is categorized as a mental condition.

Proponents

Further Reading

References

    Explore related arguments

    This page was last edited on Friday, 17 Apr 2020 at 12:22 UTC