Racism is based on systemic power relationships
Racism is one directional. White people cannot be victims of racism because they occupy a superior position within society. The basest description of racism might be a belief that certain races are inferior to others. However, this is problematic because it does not account for the power structures that perpetuate racial inequality. Racism is predicated on some racial groups being more powerful than others. Uneven power dynamics allow it to function and flourish. The measure of racism is therefore in its wider implications: how it feeds into structural inequalities that sustain dangerous attitudes about certain groups. A black person making a negative comment about white people might be offensive, but it is not essentially racist, because their words do not have structural implications. The same is not true were these roles reversed. Proponents include anti-racism scholar Guilaine Kinouani, Metro journalist Natalie Morris and the cast of Dear White People.