Mapping the world's opinions

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Do theodicies explain why God allows evil in the world?

A theodicy is a story that attempts to demonstrate that the presence of evil in the world does not disprove the existence of a perfectly good, almighty, and all-knowing God. Theodicies and defences are two forms of response to this conundrum. Evil can be classified into natural evil such as disease and physical catastrophes or moral evil, which can be summed up as "man's inhumanity to man."
Ethics , Philosophy , Religion

Yes, theodicies explain the existence of an all-powerful, benevolent God

Theodicies demonstrate the power of an all-powerful God.

Nothing apart from God is perfect

Anything that is not God is by definition imperfect. Explore

Theodicies explain the presence of a loving, all powerful, benevolent God

We can not know the full scope of God’s plan so what seems like evil might have a higher purpose

God, in their omniscience, knows the outcome of everything. It is possible that they permit some evil acts because to prevent them would incur greater evil or prevent greater good. Explore

Yes, they explain that God allows people the free will to commit evil

Theodicies reconcile the fact that we are all God's children with the evil that some people commit.

The free will defence claims that evil is caused not by God but by human beings

One argument, known as the free will defence, claims that evil is caused not by God but by human beings, who must be allowed to choose evil if they are to have free will. Explore

Yes, evil occurs as the absence of good and God is testing us.

Evil is simply the absence of good that exists so that God can test us.

Humans have free will

God gave us free will. God accepts evil as a necessary consequence of human free will. Explore

God didn’t create evil but we need evil to see God’s love

Without evil, we would not be able to see God's love. Explore

Theodicies explain suffering in terms of evil allowing personal growth

Failure to achieve moral perfection by choosing evil is punished in the afterlife

God needs evil for an authentic relationship with humanity

God needs evil to offer an alternative to his love. Without a viable alternative, humans cannot choose God's love Explore

No, a good God would not permit evil

The only plausible explanation for the existence of both God and evil is the existence of another potent spiritual force that creates or encourages evil.

Evil proves the existence of Satan

God is all-good. Therefore, God would not create evil. The existence of evil points towards the existence of another divine being with the power to create and promote evil on earth. Explore

God is not benevolent

No, the opposite: the existence of evil disproves the existence of God

David Hume in his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779): “Is [God] willing to prevent evil, but not able? then is he impotent. Is he able, but not willing? then is he malevolent. Is he both able and willing? whence then is evil?”

The best explanation for evil in the world is that there is no God

The existence of evil is fundamentally incompatible with the existence of God. <ref name=theo/> Explore
This page was last edited on Friday, 27 Mar 2020 at 06:23 UTC