What is the mind? Since the beginning of civilization, we have grappled with the idea of consciousness. Could the study of our brain and nervous system account for conscious thought? If not, what are the relationships between the non-physical processes and the physical ones?
Mind-Body Problem: Dualism
Human beings are made up of two distinct parts; the physical body and the non-physical mind.
The Free Will Argument
The fact we have freewill means we must not be bound by the laws of physics.
First Person Authority
Mental states are intrisically knowable, but physical states require inference and experience.
The Knowledge Argument (Qualia)
Not all experiences can be reduced to physical processes.
Mental phenomena need physical phenomena to exist, but both are different entities.
Mind-Body Problem: Idealism
Idealists believe that only the mind exists and everything that we perceive in the physical world is merely a composition.