The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) was formed in 1949 as a Western military alliance to deal with the growing threat of the Soviet Union. However, since the break-up of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s it has struggled to define itself in the 21st century. This has led some to speculate whether NATO has a future? And whether it is time to disband or redefine the purpose of the alliance?
NATO will have a renewed role in the 21st century
NATO will increasingly expand its operations outside of Europe.
NATO will continue its role stabilising Afghanistan
The Government of Afghanistan remains under siege from Taliban insurgents and will continue to be reliant on NATO to train, advise, and assist the Afghan National Army.
NATO will have a role in stabilising North Africa and the Middle East
The 2011 NATO intervention in Libya has set the stage for a wider role in the region.
NATO will be dismantled
NATO no long serves a purpose.
NATO belongs in the Cold War era
NATO was set up over seventy years ago to deal with a threat that no longer exists today.
NATO is too expensive
Some NATO members refuse to pay their fair share of defence costs, forcing other members to shoulder the increasing cost of collective security. This tension over spending will inevitably lead to the alliance's collapse.
The EU will take a greater role in defence and security
The prospect of an EU army and a greater role for the EU in defence has long been floated. As tensions rise over the cost of NATO and the interests of the USA and Europe diverge, the EU will supplant NATO as the central guarantor of European security.
NATO will continue its traditional role
NATO continues to be an effective deterrence against Russian aggression.
In the face of Russian aggression NATO remains relevant
The annexation of Crimea and an increasingly adventurous and aggressive Russian foreign policy makes NATO's mission more vital than ever.
This page was last edited on Thursday, 6 Feb 2020 at 12:41 UTC