Anarchism describes a diverse range of political and philosophical beliefs, ranging from the individualism of anarcho-capitalism to the communitarianism of anarcho-syndicalism. However, they hold in common a belief in the primacy of freedom: the individual's ability to act according to their conscience, without coercion from or subjugation to an oppressive authority. Often, this authority is identified with the state, along with other hierarchical organisations, both secular and religious. Anarchism has long been derided and dismissed as fanciful and unworkable, even incoherent -- yet throughout history there have been serious attempts to build free societies, organised on the principles of horizontalism, participatory democracy, and mutual aid. Is a free future at all likely for humankind, or are Anarchists just 'demanding the impossible'?
Historical and contemporary attempts to create large-scale Anarchist societies have been largely successful.
Rojava proves that Anarchist principles can be realised in a modern society.
The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria is organised along libertarian-socialist and anarchist lines, and continues to expand despite immense external pressure from Syria, Turkey, Russia, and Islamic State.Explore
Historical attempts at creating Anarchist societies were successful on their own terms, and prove that Anarchism is workable.
Large-scale Anarchist societies existed in the 20th century in Spain, Manchuria, and the Ukraine. Although these eventually fell to the twin totalitarianisms of Fascism and Authoritarian Communism, they were successful and productive societies while they survived.Explore
Human beings are not capable of Anarchism.
Either due to our evolutionary and cultural heritage, or the economic processes that underpin organised human society, attempts at Anarchism are doomed to failure.
Anarchism may be theoretically possible, but the historical record suggests that in practice all Anarchist societies will fail.
History has seen a number of small-scale (along with some large-scale) experiments in anarcho-communism. However, these utopias inevitably disintegrate under internal and external pressures.Explore
Anarchism isn't currently possible, but will be in the future.
The twenty-first century has already seen extraordinary technological and cultural changes. These will fundamentally alter the human experience, opening the door to an Anarchist future.
What is Anarchism?
What kind of situation can be called anarchism?The first question is that what seems to be institutions such as the government, the judiciary, and the administration are found in many countries around the world, but is it possible to clearly distinguish them from other entities?The second question could be asserted as not anarchism: the existence of multiple independent governments on Earth, or the separation of regions with or without official governments. Or?Personally, I think that we can say that we are out of anarchism only when we have achieved a state in which all regions and peoples of the earth are governed by fair and equal institutions. Therefore, we believe that the current social situation is unavoidably called anarchism.Explore
This page was last edited on Monday, 20 Apr 2020 at 15:43 UTC