A theodicy is a story that attempts to demonstrate that the presence of evil in the world does not disprove the existence of a perfectly good, almighty, and all-knowing God. Theodicies and defences are two forms of response to this conundrum. Evil can be classified into natural evil such as disease and physical catastrophes or moral evil, which can be summed up as "man's inhumanity to man."
Yes, theodicies explain the existence of an all-powerful, benevolent God
Theodicies demonstrate the power of an all-powerful God.
We don't know God’s plan - evil might have a higher purpose
God, in their omniscience, knows the outcome of everything. It is possible that they permit some evil acts because to prevent them would incur greater evil or prevent greater good.Explore
Theodicies explain a loving, all powerful, benevolent God
The theological approach of theodicy justifies the holiness and divine attributes of God. It affirms God’s ability to exist as omnipotent and benevolent while permitting moral and physical evil.Explore
Nothing apart from God is perfect
God is described by theists as the "perfect being" - one that is omnipotent, omnibenevolent, omnipresent, and is devoid of sin or weakness. Anything else that is not God by definition is imperfect, including anything that God creates because it is not God. Humans, despite their great capacity for consciousness, are still predisposed to act sinfully.Explore
Yes, theodicies explain that God allows people the free will to commit evil
Theodicies reconcile the fact that we are all God's children with the evil that some people commit.
The free will defence claims that evil is caused by human beings
One argument, known as the free will defence, claims that evil is caused not by God but by human beings, who must be allowed to choose evil if they are to have free will.Explore
Yes, evil occurs as the absence of good and God is testing us.
Evil is simply the absence of good that exists so that God can test us.
Humans have free will
God gave us free will. God accepts evil as a necessary consequence of human free will.Explore
God needs evil for an authentic relationship with humanity
God needs evil to offer an alternative to his love. Without a viable alternative, humans cannot choose God's loveExplore
Choosing evil leads to divine retribution
Failure to achieve moral perfection by choosing evil is punished in the afterlife.Explore
Theodicies explain suffering as evil allowing personal growth
Humans are unable to reach moral perfection unless faced with obstacles that encourage them to improve morally. Through the endurance of suffering and evil, they grow closer to moral perfection.Explore
God didn’t create evil but we need evil to see God’s love
If we never experienced evil, we would not comprehend goodness. We experience the ultimate goodness through God’s love-but we must experience evil to value it. If we lived in a perfect world, we would not appreciate God's love. Though God did not create evil, he uses it to show Himself to the world.Explore
No, a good God would not allow evil
The only plausible explanation for the existence of both God and evil is the existence of another potent spiritual force that creates or encourages evil.
Evil proves the existence of Satan
God is all-good. Therefore, God would not create evil. The existence of evil points towards the existence of another divine being with the power to create and promote evil on earth.Explore
No, the opposite: the existence of evil disproves the existence of God
David Hume in his Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (1779): “Is [God] willing to prevent evil, but not able? then is he impotent. Is he able, but not willing? then is he malevolent. Is he both able and willing? whence then is evil?”
The only explanation for evil is that there is no God
The existence of evil is fundamentally incompatible with the existence of God.Explore
This page was last edited on Friday, 27 Mar 2020 at 06:23 UTC