Mapping the world's opinions

Arts Economics Education Entertainment Ethics Fashion Games Gender Health History International Relations Literature Movies Music Nature News People Philosophy Politics Religion Science Society Sports Technology

Parlia is a wiki. Log in or Sign up today to contribute.

convo card image

Who should be the 2020 Democratic Party presidential nominee?

The Democrats are preparing to beat Donald Trump in the 2020 US Presidential election. The current field is filled with contenders who vary on policy and vision to take the US forward. So, who are the possible top candidates? What are their policies and what do they represent? And could they beat Donald Trump in an election?

Politics , Society
convo card image

Should surrogacy be legal?

Surrogacy is the carrying through pregnancy until birth of one couple's child by another woman. The science has advanced significantly in this area allowing for the choice of surrogacy as an option for many potential parents. Most countries have unclear legislation about surrogacy and the debate is on. Should surrogacy be legalized? Under what conditions should surrogacy be legal?

Ethics , Health , Science , Society
convo card image

What is a Nation?

Are nations ancient or modern? Are they natural or artificial? Are they a tool of liberation or coercion? Despite many predicting globalisation would make them obsolete, nations are now back in fashion in a world where leaders tout America First, the Great Rejuvenation of the Chinese People, and Hindutva. Understanding the nation now seems more important than ever.

International Relations , Politics , Society
convo card image

Why did the US lose the Vietnam War?

Vietnam was an undeniable failure for the United States government. Despite expending more than $141 billion, and 56,000 American lives, the world’s largest military superpower was unable to achieve its sole strategic objective: to prevent Vietnam from falling under communist control. Historians are deeply divided over the reasons that led to US defeat. Most attribute the loss to several factors t...

History , International Relations , Politics
convo card image

Did Alexander Hamilton's financial plan put America first?

Of all the founding fathers of the American nation, Alexander Hamilton remains one of the most enigmatic and controversial characters. In his role as Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton submitted a financial plan to Congress designed to reduce the national debt by creating a national bank and encouraging economic diversification and the establishment of a manufacturing economy. But more than 200 y...

Economics , History , Politics

Parlia is a wiki. Log in or Sign up today to contribute.

Is climate change real?

It is the topic of our times, with changing weather around the world. Is the climate actually changing or are these global warming signals misunderstood and misattributed to natural cycles. Can we know if climate change real? Or is climate change a conspiracy of the left?

What are the pros and cons of monopolies?

The word monopolies has negative connotations in economic history, but recently monopolies have been praised by people such as Warren Buffett and Peter Thiel. The arguments for and against are not new, but now they have better empirical support.

Economics , History

Do Aliens Exist?

It's a question humanity has pondered for centuries. Does life exist in outer space? Are aliens real?

Philosophy , Science , Technology

Is VAR good for football?

FIFA, football's global governing body, along with those bodies running the game at regional and countrywide levels are gradually introducing more technology into the game in a bid to assist referees, prevent incorrect decisions and enhance the game's image.

Sports , Technology

#CakeGate: can you refuse service on the basis of faith?

The cake that Colorado baker Jack Phillips refused to bake was the kindling that lit a nation-wide discussion in the USA. Can a business deny service to an individual on the basis of their sexual orientation? As the Supreme Court came to a verdict in favour of the baker, the narrowness of the ruling still left the question unanswered. The baker was quickly followed by others who stood up in solida...

Ethics , Politics , Religion

Mapping the world's opinions.

Does the West still value human rights universally in light of its dismissal on Khashoggi's death?

The West used to be the loudest voice advocating for human rights. But Western governments' evasive stances on the horrifying death of Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi government dissident, suggest this is no longer the case. In the light of huge economic links and political turbulence, are human rights still valued in western civilization?

Ethics , International Relations , News , People , Politics , Society

Do we need manned space flights?

Are manned missions economically viable or is it more effective to focus on less expensive drone missions?

Science , Society , Technology

Are millennials lazy?

Older generations often consider millennials entitled and lazy in the workplace. Millennials see themselves as more efficient and better at challenging established rules in a way that sparks growth and innovation. Which one is it?

Education , People , Society

Is a world without any borders a good idea?

Millions of people risk their lives trying to cross borders into other countries. Some are fleeing violence and persecution, others are looking for better economical opportunities or to be reunited with family members. What are the pros and cons of a world without borders?

History , International Relations , Politics

What does being Transracial mean?

With the outrage following Rachel Dolezal's falsified claims of being African American in 2015, the question of racial identity has been raised. Should we have the right to identify as a different race than the one assigned at birth? And is this legitimate, or another means of cultural appropriation?

People , Philosophy , Society

What separates humans from animals?

For some, it is obvious that we are not the same as animals. But is it just our ability to imagine and create stories about there being a difference that separates us? Or is there something more tangible?

Ethics , Philosophy , Science , Society

Would human extinction be a tragedy?

Would it be a tragedy if humans were wiped out? Would it be a cause for celebration given the environmental destruction we have caused? Maybe it would be neither?

Ethics , Philosophy , Society

What is the purpose of prisons?

Is the point of prisons to restrict freedom as punishment for crimes committed? Should prisons be rehabilitative? Are prisoners supposed to emerge from the experience deterred from committing future crimes and morphed into law-abiding citizens?

Health , Politics

What are the pros and cons of political correctness?

Does PC culture stagnate a society’s progression, or does it set better more inclusive terms for everyone?. Is political correctness useful? Has political correctness gone too far?

History , Philosophy , Politics , Society

Should polygraphs be admissible in court?

Once called "the strip searches of the mind", polygraph test creators maintain that their lie detectors can detect when a suspect is lying in 80-95% of cases. Should we use them in the justice system to secure convictions? Or are polygraphs a dangerous and gross violation of a suspect's legal rights?

Ethics , Science , Society

Should we stop using Facebook because of the Cambridge Analytica scandal?

Cambridge Analytica is a British political consulting firm. In March, allegations broke that CA obtained private information from an estimated 50 million Facebook users without their permission. This data was then shared with third parties, including Donald Trump’s presidential campaign during the 2016 US Presidential Elections. The issue has raised concerns about privacy in the age of Big Data, a...

Ethics , News , Politics , Society

Should burkas be banned in the UK?

Boris Johnson MP recently divided opinion - drawing condemnation from the Prime Minister and provoking a disciplinary investigation by his Conservative Party - for controversial remarks about Muslim women who wear burkas/burqas. Though he did not advocate a ban, his comments have reignited the debate following bans on the full-face-and-body coverings becoming law in countries including France, Bel...

Politics , Religion

Does ending climate change mean the end of capitalism?

Scientific consensus suggests we are experiencing a climate catastrophe. Many see Capitalism's drive for growth and accumulation as being incompatible with a finite planet. Do we need a new system to sustain human life?

Economics , Nature , Politics

Should universities no-platform controversial speakers?

Universities are meant to be the burgeoning hubs of idea exchange, yet denying controversial speakers a platform on campuses has become increasingly acceptable. Are there good reasons to no-platform inflammatory speakers?

Education , Ethics , International Relations , Politics

Should Abortion be legal?

Throughout the world, abortions and a woman's right to have them remain taboo. Despite abortion being illegal in many countries, women continue to have them, sometimes going to extreme and dangerous lengths to obtain them. Going beyond whether or not terminating a pregnancy is right or wrong, what are the pros and cons of abortion? And should abortion as a medical procedure be legal?

Economics , Ethics , Gender , Health , News , Philosophy , Religion , Science , Society

Were the moon landings faked?

NASA successfully sent six Apollo missions to the Moon . Twelve astronauts in total landed on the Moon's surface. Critics imply that all missions were faked and no men have landed on the Moon. They say that related photos and videos were actually taken in a studio.

History , News , Science , Technology

Should you go vegan?

Several forms of pollution - e.g. deforestation, eutrophication of water, leaching of nitrates, antibacterial resistence, release of ammonia, nitrous oxides and methane in the atmosphere - are associated to livestock production. Should we all go vegan to prevent major environmental pollution?

Economics , Ethics , Fashion , Health , Philosophy , Politics , Religion , Science , Society

What is the Mind-Body problem?

What is the mind? Since the beginning of civilization, we have grappled with the idea of consciousness. Could the study of our brain and nervous system account for conscious thought? If not, what are the relationships between the non-physical processes and the physical ones?

Philosophy

Should the Monarchy be Abolished?

The Royal Family is a pillar in the British cultural and political landscape. The country tunes in for their weddings, places bets on their baby names and earnestly discusses their wardrobe choices. Given the monarchy's diminished role in politics, is it time to get rid of the royals? Or do they still serve a purpose in modern society?

Society

Is eating meat ethical?

Consuming meat is a big part of some diets around the world, particularly in western food traditions. However, with production being land and resource intensive, and with a number of environmental and health impacts to consider we must ask, is eating meat justifiable?

Economics , Ethics , Health , Politics , Society

What are the positions on Global Warming?

Global warning has been a major concern for climate scientists for a few decades now. However, polling shows public discourse remains divided as to how real it is, what causes it and how to react to it.

Science , Technology

Are anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism the same thing?

With the UK's Labour Party, the French Parliament, and Congresswoman Ilhan Omar in the US all at the centre of rows over anti-Semitism and anti-Zionism, what is the relationship between the two concepts? Is either acceptable? Or do both words describe damaging and dangerous prejudices against Jewish communities across the globe?

Ethics , History , International Relations , Religion , Society

Should Recreational Marijuana be Legal?

Following a public outcry over the case of Billy Caldwell, a 12-year-old boy with epilepsy who was prohibited from bringing back a life-changing supply of cannabis oil from Canada, the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes has now been made legal in the UK. Unsurprisingly this has re-ignited the ongoing question: should we legalise the recreational use of cannabis?

Economics , Ethics , Health , Politics , Science

Will Medicare for all work?

Medicare is currently a program that provides healthcare support for millions of Americans. It is seen by many as a vehicle that could be expanded to help extend coverage to all Americans. But should this be done?

Economics , Health , News , Politics , Society

Should countries accept immigrants?

Donald Trump wants to build a wall. The United Kingdom tries to leave the European Union in an attempt to regain sovereignty over its borders. Every year, thousands of people drown in the Mediterranean while trying to cross over into the EU. At the same time, many European countries sell citizenship to wealthy individuals. Do states have a right to pick and choose who may enter into their respecti...

Ethics , International Relations , Politics

Are vaccines bad?

The safety of vaccines has been contested since 1763 when an Italian Doctor named Gatti introduced inoculations to the French. Since then, concerns over the safety and sanitation of vaccinations have led to a world-wide anti-vaccination movement. Are ‘anti-vaxers’ right to refuse inoculations? Are vaccines safe?

Economics , Ethics , People , Religion , Science , Society , Technology

How should we address homelessness?

Homelessness is on the rise in a number of major cities around the world, like San Francisco, USA and London, UK. The human cost and tragedy of homelessness is shocking, and disappointing that it is happening in some of the richest cities in the world. There are many ideas about what could be done. So approaches would best address the problem of homelessness?

Is an unamendable constitution undemocratic?

Unamendability is a growing constitutional trend. But is it compatible with democratic values? Does unamendability force future generations into a necrocracy, the ‘dead hand’ grip of those that wrote the constitution? Does it place too much power in the hands of the judiciary? Can institutions face modern democratic challenges without the flexibility to amend the nation's constitution?

What should we do about climate change?

We are in a climate crisis. People and natural systems around the world are feeling the impacts of a warming globe, from more intense heat waves, more intense storms, heavier rainfall, melting sea ice and retreating glaciers, etc, etc. No part of our world is left untouched, and the current rate of warming suggests things will only get worse. So what can we do to mitigate global warming? What woul...

Is Salafi Islam compatible with secular Western cultures?

If you have read Samuel Huntington’s Clash of Civilisations or listened to Slavoj Žižek’s commentary on coexistence of cultures in the postmodern world (mainly the West); and reviewed the rhetoric of some Salafi Muslim clerics and European ecclesiastical leaders, you will be able to draw parallels in the sometimes subtle references to exhalation of “self” and denigration of the “other”.

Ethics , Philosophy , Religion

Is Jean Luc Godard one of the greatest film makers of all time?

Jean Luc-Godard was the spearhead of the French new wave cinema. He directed films such as breathless, Vivre-sa vie which defied the laws that set the film making precedence and introduced jump cuts. Post world war 2, USA decided to forego the WW2 debt if France opened its market for US products and regulated its own film industry. In defiance, new directors such as Varda, Godard, Rivette brought ...

Arts , Entertainment , Movies , People

Was Bolivian President Evo Morales ousted in a coup?

Bolivia has been a site of political upheaval since Evo Morales, president of the country for 13 consecutive years, declared his victory in the October 20th election. The streets have been filled with both violent and peaceful protestors. Some argue against the legitimacy of the vote. Others defend the re-election of the left-wing, indigenous leader. On November 10th, Morales resigned and sought p...

International Relations , News , Politics

Did Thanos do anything wrong?

Thanos in "Avengers: Infinity War" may not be evil, but actually employing a logic that, while requiring sacrifice, may be the only thing that can save the Universe.

Entertainment , Ethics , Philosophy

Should there be a united Ireland?

The status of Northern Ireland has been the subject of intense debate and decades of violence, known as the Troubles. Though Northern Ireland is now at peace, the question of whether it should remain in the United Kingdom or join the Republic of Ireland remains a source of contention. Should there be a united Ireland?

History , International Relations , Politics

Is western liberalism obsolete?

Russian President Vladimir Putin said in an interview with the Financial Times that western liberalism is obsolete. Its obituary is being written by everyone from former Trump adviser Steve Bannon to Hungarian prime minister Viktor Orban and journalists like Edward Luce and James Traub. Authoritarian China is ascendant. Free trade, the rule of law, freedom of movement and toleration are in troub...

International Relations , Philosophy , Politics , Society

Will AI take our jobs?

Since the dawn of the information age, society has worried about artificial intelligence replacing human labour. We are now seeing rapid advances being made in this technology that makes the question of critical importance. What will the future of automation look like, and will AI take our jobs?

Economics , Science , Technology

What are the positions on Gun Control?

There are more than 300,000,000 guns in the United States. Guns have claimed the lives of more American citizens than all the wars since the American revolution put together. With guns holding a unique place in the American psyche, should there be measures in place to limit gun ownership? What should these measures look like?

Economics , Ethics , Politics , Science

Who would lead a Martian colony?

Advanced Space capabilities are in all likelihood coming rather soon, with SpaceX’s next generation rockets at the forefront. However, exploration of how a colony will fit into the global stage has only been explored by fiction authors thus-far and not decision - makers.

Ethics , Politics , Society

Should Catalonia become independent?

The demand for Catalan independence has risen greatly in the past few years, to the disappointment of the Spanish government. Is the Catalan drive for independence justified?

Economics , Ethics , International Relations , Politics

Something missing?