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What are the most suitable research philosophies in academic research? Show more Show less

The term research philosophy refers to a system of beliefs and assumptions about the development of knowledge. In layman’s terms, a research philosophy is the choice a researcher makes on how to pursue his research, consciously or subconsciously. Scholars have identified five of the most prominent research philosophies in academia, however, choosing one is a matter of debate. (main source: Saunders, Mark & Lewis, P & Thornhill, A. (2009). Understanding research philosophies and approaches. Research Methods for Business Students. 4. 106-135.)

Pragmatism Show more Show less

Pragmatism focuses on making scientific progress using a variety of methods.
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Pragmatism is practical

Uses a variety of research methods according to the research question.

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The Argument

To a pragmatist, none of the above philosophies's methods can single handedly provide answers to every research problem. By being uninhibited by the limits and restrictions inherent to the other philosophies, pragmatists use whatever means at their disposal with a view to advance their field of study. They begin with a research question and attempt to determine the best possible strategies to answer it. Pragmatists aren't inherently subjectivist or objectivist; their approach depends on the research question. For the same reason, they may opt to use a large number of sources or choose to do case studies.

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This page was last edited on Monday, 20 Jan 2020 at 09:16 UTC