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Why do people believe in conspiracy theories? Show more Show less

Studies show that the majority of people believe in at least one conspiracy theory. They’re becoming increasingly pervasive in our everyday lives, with it not being uncommon to hear conspiracy theories coming from commanders-in-chief. Why would someone believe something that others perceive as crazy?

People believe conspiracy theories as a cognitive reaction Show more Show less

The reasons we believe in conspiracy theories are rooted deep in our subconscious.
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Degenerating research programs

Conspiracy theorists hang onto theories despite the indicators you would expect to see if it were true not being there.
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Context

The Argument

People often believe in conspiracy theories because they hold on to degenerating research programs. If something is true, there are certain outcomes we can reasonably see along the way. Conspiracy theorists, when these outcomes do not appear, do not let go of the theories, holding on to the degenerating research programs instead of re-evaluating.[1] For instance, the sheer amount of people that would be needed to keep a conspiracy theory secret over time is such that for many things, they could reasonably be expected to be revealed.[2] However, theorists ignore this, instead continuing to cling to the degenerating research program.

Counter arguments

Framing

Premises

[P1] If a hypothesis is true, there are certain outcomes we expect to see. [P2] Conspiracy theories do not have these outcomes. [P3] However, conspiracy theorists insist on holding onto the degenerating research program.

Rejecting the premises

Proponents

Further Reading

References

  1. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/004931032002001
  2. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0147905

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This page was last edited on Monday, 16 Mar 2020 at 16:17 UTC